Why Do Gums Bleed During Pregnancy?

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Your body is a complicated system when you’re pregnant. In addition to a sensitive and sore mouth, gums bleed during pregnancy and that is definitely a thing you need to consider. The condition is also referred to as Pregnancy Gingivitis.

Gums Bleed During Pregnancy

Edward Alvarez, DDS, a New York City dentist shares with Romper that the culprits for bleeding gums are estrogen and progesterone.


“Pregnancy brings about a huge change to how your mouth and gums handle inflammation. When you are pregnant, your estrogen and progesterone levels rise throughout your tissues. The way your body fights gum infection is decreased due to the rise of these pregnancy hormones, and you are therefore more likely to bleed. Actual receptors of estrogen and progesterone are found in your gum tissue, thereby increasing your inflammatory response.” (Edward Alvarez, DDS)


While you may be tempted to brush this off as a simple concern, it is important to note that your oral hygiene is intricately connected to your overall health as well as the health of your baby. According to Bijan Modjtahedi, DDS, patients need to be aware of the association between oral health and serious health conditions such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, respiratory infection, and even preterm birth.


“We generate oral plaque on a daily basis and our job is to make sure we remove the plaque by exercising good oral care; brushing two to three times a day and flossing at least once a day. The problem is most people do not floss daily and with infrequent visits the plaque/calculus accumulates, and hence the bleeding gums.” (Bijan Modjtahedi, DDS)


While it is not uncommon that gums bleed during pregnancy, it is still best to be diligent with your oral care routines, from brushing your teeth to flossing every day. This healthy habit ensures that both your overall health and your baby’s health are at an optimum state.

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